Kaiser Heinrich II. und die Bischöfe: Sakralität und Autorität

Weinfurter, Stefan (2015) Kaiser Heinrich II. und die Bischöfe: Sakralität und Autorität. In: La diocesi di Bobbio. Formazione e sviluppi di un’istituzione millenaria. Reti Medievali. E-Book (23). Firenze University Press, Firenze, pp. 21-45. ISBN 978-88-6655-856-9

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The essay considers Henry II’s relationship with the bishops of the empire. The first part of the study clarifies that the sovereign’s task was to bring together a kingdom made up of a number of groups encompassing different ethnicities, which were crossed by a multistratified web of associations of individuals. This mutable equilibrium was supposed to be upheld by the royal auctoritas , which was very much based on ceremonial order. Henry II posed the ordo coronationis of Mainz (c. 960) as the foundation of his reign. The ordo coronationis projected an image of the kingdom based on the Old Testament, whose premise was the paterna successio, which could become ius hereditarium only through the anointment of the new king by the bishops. This is confirmed by an image of Henry II (still not on the throne, but in the act of receiving his anointment and the symbolic objects during his coronation) transmitted in the sacramentary of Raitsbon, written during the early years of his reign (1002-1003). The ensuing part of the analysis considers a series of choices – i.e. to reinstate, strengthen, or establish – which the king made with regards to a number of episcopal sees (Bamberg, Bobbio). Henry II was fully aware of his role, and thus alluded to the Carolingian experience, further claiming a special power of deliberation inspired by Mosaic law with regards to the management of conflicts, also for what concerned bishops. The synod of Frankfurt (1007) affirmed – and this was a circumstance which would never occur again – the divine precept of royal discretional authority over the canonic law which established the inviolability of bishoprics, thus raising the question of the coordination of king and Church within the framework of authority and order.

Tipologia del documento: Capitolo di libro
Parole chiave: Middle Ages, 9th-11th century, Germany, Bobbio, Henry II, Empire, Bishops, Dioceses, Sacrality
Soggetto: D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D111 Medieval History
Depositato da: dr Vincenzo De Luise
Depositato il: 27 Nov 2015 15:13
Ultima modifica: 27 Nov 2015 16:59
URI: http://www.rmoa.unina.it/id/eprint/3175


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